Aluminum and characteristics of aluminum profiles in construction
Aluminum is used in many industries in the form of profiles or sheets. The industry of production of aluminum profiles for doors and windows, the production of cars and the aerospace industry are among the industries that use this metal to a large extent, so the demand for the production of this precious metal is very high.
Aluminum was first used to build structures in the 1990s, and today metal is recognized as one of the most important efficient and durable building materials. The Empire State Building was the first tower to make extensive use of aluminum components and structures.
Aluminum offers a competitive advantage to companies that use the most stable metal in the world. For example, in the packaging industry, aluminum cans have become very popular in the packaging industry due to their convenience, light weight and durability. Community programs and marginal recycling programs also emphasize the value of this metal in the recycling bin.
The advantages of aluminum profiles in both directions are very high for both the consumer and the industry.
Contact us to send a map, inquire about the price of the profile and the price of making an extrusion mold.
Aluminum profiles and the popularity of this metal
Aluminum profiles are very popular due to their numerous characteristics. In general, the weight of this metal is about one third of the weight of other metals. In the aerospace industry, weight loss is an essential factor. This metal is known for its high strength, especially at very high temperatures.
Aluminum profiles can also be used for a variety of coating services, including anodizing, polishing and brushing services, as well as powder coating services that protect it from corrosion. The use of aluminum offers great potential for increased sustainable energy consumption.
. For example, the low weight of aluminum helps increase fuel efficiency in cars from passenger cars to armored tanks. If we want to mention some of the applications of aluminum in industry and construction, we can mention things like aluminum roof profile, facade sheet metal, tile and partition. Of course, the first widespread use of aluminum in construction was at the Empire State Building.
A building is a building that is separated from the surrounding space by different walls with the aim of creating security and shelter and with different materials.
Humans have long sought to build houses and buildings for themselves in order to protect the family and create an independent and safe environment. Throughout history, houses and buildings have been constructed in different ways, even cavemen use the cave as their home.
Construction has evolved throughout history to finally reach its present form today.
In general, all buildings are made of certain components, including entrance and exit doors, roofs, rooms, stairs, electrical and lighting systems, kitchens, windows, facades, toilets, etc.
Buildings are divided into several types depending on their purpose of use, and based on these uses, they are constructed in different forms, including the following types of buildings:
1- Residential buildings: houses
Each type of building may be built in different ways, especially in the case of residential buildings can be villa types – apartments – skyscrapers – thatched houses – forest cottages and … Cited.
Building cost: is the sum of the basic operations of completing the building until the building is ready for employment and residence, Lighting, water and sewage.
Building components are the basic materials for building construction. All the buildings that have been built so far have the same components such as the foundation (infrastructure), walls, floors, rooms and roofs that are the main components of the building.
In the final stage, buildings need to be decorated or renovated with paint, plaster, electrical work, door and window fittings, fencing and other superstructures, all of which are called construction services.
A building has three basic components, which are:
The construction of the foundation is the most important stage of construction; Because all the load and weight of the building is on the strength of its foundation. Types of infrastructure can be divided into two categories of deep and shallow foundations according to their depth in the soil.
Superficial foundations are used, for example, in small and light buildings such as small or medium-sized houses and small shopping malls, and deep foundations are used in heavy and large buildings such as tall buildings, large shopping malls, large hospitals and universities, and Etc. used. In general, surface foundations are built at a depth of 3 feet (1 m) and deep foundations are built at a depth of 60-200 feet (20-65 m).
The base column is the part of the distance between the ground level and the floor space that is located just above the ground floor of the building. The base of the column is resistant to rainwater and insects entering the building and its overall height is 45, 60, 75, 90, 120 cm.
The superstructure is built on top of the substructure. The distance between the substructure surface and the superstructure surface is known as the column base. In superstructure, while building walls and rooms, the loads of the upper part are also transferred to the substructure.
The floor is an important element in the construction of the building, which is located on the lower level of a room. Floors can be decorated in different ways. The use of the floor is in walking from one room or space to another room or space.
The ceiling is at the top level of a room. Roofs are divided into different categories depending on the type of weather, which are: blue roof, cold roof, false ceiling, fabric roof, interior roof, cement fiber, flat roof, green roof, sloping roof, roof one Slope, warm roof, shell roof, metal roof, roof tiles, skylight roof and so on. Flat roofs, interior roofs and cement fiber roofs are often used in construction.
The beam, to withstand the heavy load coming from the superstructure above the door or window, is placed near the door and can be made of steel, reinforced brick, stone or wood.
An awning is a type of slab that is built on top of windows and doors and protects them from rain and intense sunlight. Awnings, depending on their location, can be internal, external and inter-frame. The inner canopy protects from the sun and balances the availability of daylight through curtains such as roller blinds, roller blinds, pleated blinds or blackout blinds.
The external canopy can be installed horizontally, vertically or ovally. Exterior awnings are designed to protect the building from climate change, while maintaining the indoor temperature, minimizing sunlight and cold penetration, which significantly affects the building’s energy consumption. Gives.
A rampart is a short wall that is built around the roof of a building or around a balcony or on the edge of a terrace or stairs.
Doors, by connecting the rooms, allow free movement from one room to another. Doors are also one of the most important security items in the building and prevent strangers from entering to steal. The windows allow the walls to communicate with the outside space. Doors and windows, while providing light, ventilation and ambient sound from outside, also provide safety and privacy for residents. The size of the doors varies in different buildings.
For example, the doors of residential houses are completely different from the doors of industrial buildings. Doors and windows in the past existed in only one form, but today there are different types of doors and windows with special designs and strength and shapes. There are differences that in addition to providing the goal of security and communication between different sections and lighting can also provide visual enhancements and make the building one of the modern luxury buildings. There are also various doors that engineers and architects use in the construction of buildings.
Aluminum doors and windows are metal doors that are stronger than other doors and have a longer life against environmental conditions such as climate change and humidity. Also, in the construction of modern houses, such doors have been given more attention and various systems of this type of aluminum doors and windows are designed and produced.
Aluminum with its special properties has been welcomed by many builders and architects in the world. Because in addition to strength, beauty, strength and longevity, we can make aluminum into decorative colors, wood design colors, and give a completely wood-like appearance to aluminum, which has both excellent and useful properties of aluminum and eye-catching beauty. They have wood.
Walls are blocks of brick or stone that divide the building space into different slabs of beams and different rooms. The walls carry the weight of the beams and slabs on them. The walls protect the privacy of the occupants as well as external factors such as heat, cold, rain, noise and dust. The walls can be made of brick or stone.
Columns are the vertical parts of a building along which beams and slabs are placed. The shape of the columns can be square, rectangular or circular.
The final appearance of a building depends on the following procedures and joinery:
There are other construction services such as water supply, electricity, drainage and sewerage and installation of cupboards and closets inside the building, which are considered as components after the construction of a building.
Different construction methods affect not only the cost and architectural design of the house, but also the maintenance needs as well as the long-term value of the property. Choosing an effective construction method even affects the energy consumption of the house and the environmental effects outside the house. When deciding on a construction method, take into account the stability and longevity of the architecture, and calculate the initial costs according to your needs for construction.
1.Wooden frame aluminium in building construction
Using wood is the most common way to build a house. In this method, the connection of wooden beams and timbers with nails or screws is used to build walls, floors, and ceilings. Many people use a wooden frame because of its low cost and versatile design, while others prefer wood because it is easy to use. One of the problems of wood preservation is its damage against moisture, rot, protrusions and infestation of termites and fungi. Wood is also a relatively weak insulator and offers little protection against noise, storms and wind.
2. Steel frame aluminium in building construction
Lightweight steel frames last longer and have fewer defects than wooden frames. Steel frames usually cost more than wooden frames (depending on geographical conditions), but have uniform and predictable joinery that results in smoother, stronger walls.
Brick houses include blocks, stone and brick buildings. Blocks are often used as a base material in areas exposed to storms or strong winds, and can be very destructive to wood or steel frames. The heavy weight of the brick block provides strength, durability as well as excellent insulation against sound and heat. The block may be covered with metal or stone or even plastered for simple and cost-effective joinery.
The concept of a brick or stone house has changed over the years. A century ago, brick houses consisted of two rows of bricks separated by a hollow wall. This hollow or double-walled wall prevented air and water from penetrating and actually acted as an insulating and waterproof space. Today, brick houses are rarely built in this way and usually consist of an inner wall of a block and a brick wall or stone cladding. In some cases, the brick or stone cladding is simply attached to the inner wall of the frame using mortar; While in others, it is done through brick or metal clamps.
Concrete houses can be made of cast concrete, prefabricated panels or insulated concrete forms that have integrated insulation. It does not matter which of these methods you choose; Concrete houses provide long-term durability and strength while being easy to maintain. They are highly resistant to fire and pests and are heavy enough to withstand strong winds and storms. Concrete houses cost much more to build than wooden or metal frames, and their construction often has to be done by experienced builders to ensure construction safety.
5. Green techniques (environmentally friendly)
Environmentally friendly construction methods, despite being more economical, still involve a low percentage of modern construction. According to the Ministry of Energy, straw houses have a huge potential in addition to sustainable and environmentally friendly design. Houses made of grass ridges, including brick houses and those built underground as shelters, also provide energy-efficient design. Insulation structural panels or SIPs are perhaps one of the most common green building methods. They are made of floor insulation sheets placed between plywood or cement fiber sheets. These panels, while saving energy and waterproofing structure, form the walls, floor and ceiling of a house.
Finding land to build a house is very important which should be done according to the choice of the builder. To confirm the initial plan you have in mind, always follow the advice of an architect with knowledge and experience in construction law. The architect should be able to guide you according to the principles, conditions of the land and the latest building codes that have been applied to your land map.
Coordinate your plan with the local authority office, such as the municipality, so that there are no subsequent problems in the process of building your home in that particular area. Also, keep in mind that your plan should not have legal implications.
Before meeting with an architect, make a list of your home design expectations. This process should include the basic concepts of your home including living space, number of bedrooms, guest rooms, living room, kitchen, bathroom, staircase, parking lot, garden, yard and pool. You also need to consider your family’s comments and suggestions. Talk to your friends and neighbors about the pros and cons of developing your property and what you want to do, and review the steps from start to finish.
How much will it cost you to build a house? There has been a dramatic increase in the cost of building a home in recent years. You should always write down the amount of expenses spent and go to the banks if you need to get a loan. This way you know how much you have to spend on construction.
Arrange a meeting with your chosen architects and talk about your design plan. Finally, choose an architect so that he or she can draw plans to examine the coupling capability, the layout of the rooms, the positioning of the furniture, and the use of space.
Follow the architect’s advice to make structural changes where space helps make better use of it. In addition to preparing a two-dimensional plan in consultation with the architect and the construction team, also prepare the final three-dimensional model of your house along with determining the height. The job of an approved architect is to develop plans that you have submitted to the municipality for approval.
Your home building permit must be issued by a local authority, such as a municipality, which is usually valid for 2 years.
Finding a good building contractor is the next step that you should consider along with choosing a builder, plumber, mechanic, electrician. But if you can find a good, reliable and reasonable contractor, you are actually saving time and money. Always ask your contractor how he works and check his reliability. You can also review his work history by visiting his previous projects. After confirming the relevant certifications, technical knowledge as well as his work efficiency, then you can consider him as a contractor for your project.
Cleaning the construction site – Before starting the construction project, it is necessary to clean the construction site from grass, boulders, etc. If there is a mound of dirt on the ground, it should be removed and if there is a pit, it should be filled. The whole process is called site cleaning.
Excavating and digging the foundation – After clearing the construction site, you can follow the structural plan of the building foundation by digging the ground and digging a pit (shelter).
Installation of weather-resistant trusses, waterproof and rainproof coverings and green roofs are some of the things you can use to reduce heat.
Electrical work can be done after the completion of construction work.
The building is built according to the design plan provided by the architect.
Plastering work can start after finishing electrical work and plumbing. Cement plaster is generally used with a thickness of 13 mm and sometimes can be up to 20 mm thick. After finishing the construction work, it is the turn of plastering.
Plastering is done in order to (1) make the building stronger (2) protect it from the effects of the weather (3) give beauty to the appearance of the building.
After plastering the bathroom walls, it is the turn of the building plumbing.
Painting is done after the wiring and plumbing of the building is completed.
After wiring and plastering the interior walls, it is time to install the flooring. There are different types of flooring according to their application, cost and joinery, which include ceramic tiles, glazed tiles, clay tiles, granite, marble, wood, epoxy flooring.
Internal joinery is done immediately after the initial wiring and installation of the initial coating to the interior walls. These include the installation of kitchen cabinets and shelves that can be done using a variety of raw materials available in the market such as wood, MDF, plywood, ACP, stainless steel and so on.
After finishing the work, tiling is done.
After the completion of construction, the architect or the holder of the construction permit must refer to the issuing authorities for the completion certificate in the specified format along with the completed construction plans. Local authorities, in addition to reviewing documents submitted to comply with construction laws, also calculate building taxes. After receiving the completion certificate, you can apply for water connection to the building.
Once you have all the necessary permits and certificates, you can get a temporary building electrical connection for the construction site, which will later become a permanent connection.
After completing the work of the building architect, it is time to “landscaping” and install the parking lot, patio and sidewalks. After these steps, to beautify the building, you must operate the irrigation system, green space, planting trees, as well as outdoor lighting.
Finally, you need to clean the remnants of the construction process on the inside and outside of the building.
21. Arrival at home
Now you can move to your new building.